In Vitro Study of PAD™ 
Paper by Bergmans L. et al International Endodontic Journal. 2007. 41:227-239. In vitro study of PAD™ showing that it may be used as an adjunct to conventional endodontic therapy

Used as an Adjunctive Therapy to Conventional Endodontic Therapy
Paper by Soukos N.S. et al Journal of Endodontics. 2006. 32: 979-984. Laboratory study showing that PAD™ may be used as an adjunctive therapy to conventional endodontic therapy

Effective Against E Faecalis and Would Be Suitable as Adjunctive Therapy
Article by Garcez A.S. et al Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2006. 102: 93-98. Further study demonstrating that PAD™ is effective against E Faecalis and would be suitable as adjunctive therapy in conventional endodontics

PAD™ is a Suitable Endodontic Technique
Paper by Fimple J. L. et al Journal of Endodontics 2008. 34: 728-734. Laboratory studies showing the PAD™ would be a suitable adjunctive technique for use in endodontics with optimised parameters.

A Further Study to Demonstrate the Effect of PAD™ on E Faecalis
Article by Foschi F. et al Lasers in Surgery and Medicine. 2007. 39: 782- 787. A further study to demonstrate the effect of PAD™ on E Faecalis the bacteria often associated with failed endodontic therapy

A Study Confirming That The Parameters For PAD™ Need to Be Defined to Produce Effective Killing of Bacteria
Article by Garcez A.S. et al Lasers in Surgery and Medicine. 2007. 39: 59-66. A study indicating effect of PAD™ when used adjunctivally

Study Defining the Parameters for Effective PAD™ Treatment of Root Canals
Paper by Williams J.A. et al Journal of Dentistry 2006. 34:1-9. Study which examines parameters for effective PAD™ treatment in root canals by varying energy density and concentration of Tolonium Chloride.